The bats in Arizona

The bats in Arizona
— Read on

Hohokam, the greatest irrigation farmers of the Desert!

Hohokam, the greatest irrigation farmers of the Desert!
— Read on

Hohokam, the greatest irrigation farmers of the Desert!

The Hohokam culture built some of the largest and most advanced canal systems in all of pre-Columbia’s North America. The farming started 4,100 years ago.

At the Casa grande ruins, you will gaze upon a large 4 story ruin, made out of what is called Caliche, built about 700 years ago. Casa grande in Spanish means “Big house”

The openings in the ruin align with the sun and moon st different times during the year
Archaeologists believe these were called plazas, where women may have prepared food and weave baskets.

The Hohokam name is borrowed by the 0’odham language and used by archaeologists to identify the group in the Sonoran desert.The Hohokam were genius hard working farmers and grew corn, pumpkin, beans, and many other crops. It is quite amazing that the Casa grande ruin was made out of caliche and has stood the test of time!

These cacti and plants of the desert were also eaten.
The structure of a Hohokam home is as in this image
Inside the visitors center, you will learn about this culture, in this image is a depiction of what it would’ve looked like.
The Hohokam were skilled artisans and used Concho shells to make jewelry and make other goods for their markets to trade.
A paint pot, is a 4 hole pot ceramic that contains original paint used by the Hohokam to adorn their faces and body.
Beautiful pottery found at the Casa grande ruins dug up by archaeologists.

They definitely knew how to use all natural resources to survive and definitely had a great irrigation system !! Their irrigation canal in Phoenix was by far the most complex and a portion of these canals was actually renovated for the Salt River Project.

A petroglyphs that was found at the ruins by an archaeologists, looks like a goat to me, what do yo think?

Well, I hope you liked this article, please share, comment and not just like but please SUBSCRIBE and support this site ! Thank you very much!!!!

Ruby, a gem of a ghost town!

In order to set foot here, a permit is required and must be taken to the caretaker,where you pay the fee.

I recently had the privilege of exploring this genuine ghost town in the Coronado National Forest. It is 500 miles NW of Tucson and 4 miles North of the Mexican border, therefore you will come in contact With many border patrol vehicles pretty much everywhere!

The town sits on three hundred acres and has two lakes, Which are the Ruby and the “Sovako” Lakes.and a total of 46 buildings , some are gone and some are slowly dissipating. Now, I must say this ghost town was quite astonishing and we had a fun time exploring it.

At the turn of the century, mountain men, ranchers and prospectors hit a vein in this region and discovered what was called “Oro blanco” white gold. Thus, bringing miners into Ruby, they worked effortlessly, around the clock. These people had to survive very hard times, as poisonous snakes and scorpions lived there as well. Ruby was considered the largest mining town in which was called the Montana camp”

This picture is placed inside the schoolhouse, these were the miners of the “Montana camp”
Inside schoolhouse
Inside schoolhouse
Look how high up this slide goes, wow! Right outside schoolhouse!

It wasn’t until a company named the Eagle picher lead company bought the patent, that full scale mining happened and the dams were being built. A 17 mile pipeline from the Santa Cruz river across the mountains to Ruby. From 1934-1940, the mine produced over $10,000,000 in lead, zinc, and copper with not as much of gold and silver being extracted. Around 1300 people lived in Ruby. The mercantile opened in the 1880’s and the post office opened in 1910.

A double murder happened here, the owners of the store were killed by bandits who came to rob, seven months later another murder occurred.
What’s left of the mercantile
The signs in front of each building are outside each building with information on each.
The jail, it cost $600 to build out of concrete, very dark inside with no lighting except for sun coming into very small windows during day, and no toilet.
Storage building
Assay building
Inside Assay building
Roof caving in at the Assay building
Ruby lake
This was the building the miners would come get their lunches
This building was used by judges and used as a courthouse
Inside the building, look at the amazing hardwood floors!
The view from the hill, outside the court building
I identified house
When you come here, the caretaker will give you a map to follow and tell you what building is what, we just took our time and walked around.
This is the tailings, where they put the dams
So much sand, I had to sit in it, lol!
The caretakers canoe
The finger/ Sovako lake!

This ghost town is awesome, and I recommend you checking it out sometime! I hope you liked this article and that you subscribe to this site!!!!! Thanks and god bless you!

The return of the desert Jaguar

A gorgeous jaguar here in the Arizona desert roaming around in search of food! They love to eat Javelina and others desert creatures

When I think about Jaguars, I think of a gorgeous large cat lying in an emerald jungle! They are my ultimate favorite cat, along with Tigers and I also favor the car as well! But, after reading about them hiding out here in the Sonoran desert, it made me think about them in a whole new light!

Let’s start with the Physical traits this cat has. Adults are between 5 & 8 ft long and weigh between 80-120 lbs , with females at a lower range. The northern jaguar living in the Sonoran desert region of Mexico and SW U.S. tend to be smaller than the S. American counter parts. Both Jaguars and black panthers have ring markings, but you can’t see them on the black panther due to it’s dark pigment.

Jaguars are the most powerful and largest felines found in the Western Hemisphere and are coming down from Mexico. For those who believe they are nocturnal only, this is false, as they are active during the day as well. Their bite is twice as strong as a lion and can easily crush large bones very easily with there powerful jaws. They love the water and are great swimmers, also been known to kill huge anacondas!

The name jaguar comes from the Native American word “Yaguar” which means “to kill with one leap”. In the ancient civilization of the Aztecs, jaguars were considered to be a sign of strength and bestow them as a dominant character in religion, mythology and art.

They were worshipped by the Aztecs and believed to be guardians of their sacred temples, even being named an elite class of warriors called the Jaguar knights!

So, you probably are curious why Jaguars are coming into Arizona? Well, some people speculate the border wall is disrupting the migration of wildlife. And this may be true or not. But so far, from what has been recorded there were a total of three, but one or two were killed by poachers! It is not known if out of those three Jaguars, if they had cubs. But , I hope they did and hope they can live freely and happily without getting killed!

Thanks for reading! Hope you enjoyed reading this, please subscribe and like, comment and share! Have a blessed day!Please donate today to Me Vanessa at