The Hohokam culture built some of the largest and most advanced canal systems in all of pre-Columbia’s North America. The farming started 4,100 years ago.
At the Casa grande ruins, you will gaze upon a large 4 story ruin, made out of what is called Caliche, built about 700 years ago. Casa grande in Spanish means “Big house”
The Hohokam name is borrowed by the 0’odham language and used by archaeologists to identify the group in the Sonoran desert.The Hohokam were genius hard working farmers and grew corn, pumpkin, beans, and many other crops. It is quite amazing that the Casa grande ruin was made out of caliche and has stood the test of time!
They definitely knew how to use all natural resources to survive and definitely had a great irrigation system !! Their irrigation canal in Phoenix was by far the most complex and a portion of these canals was actually renovated for the Salt River Project.
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